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Written by Wesleyan

What the gender pension gap means for female teachers

pensions
teaching and education
3 min read

The average pension paid to female teachers last year through the Teachers’ Pension Scheme (TPS) was over a quarter less than that paid to male colleagues, according to new analysis by Wesleyan.

In 2020-21, female teachers received just £11,581 a year, compared to £16,034 for males – a ‘gender pension gap’ of 28%.

One factor likely to influence this gulf is pension growth lost when members take time to have and raise children. 

While members can take statutory maternity leave of up to a year – during which time they remain in employment – statutory maternity pay only covers 39 weeks. This leaves three months where teachers who choose to take a full year’s leave will receive no pensionable income at all.

Wesleyan’s own research found that two in five (38%) female teachers in England are unaware that taking maternity leave will reduce their final pension pot. This rises to more than half (51%) of female teachers in their 20s.

A more significant impact on pension growth would be faced by those who leave their employment entirely to meet caregiving responsibilities – such as taking a career break to raise children.

Wesleyan’s analysis of the TPS data highlighted that many female teachers could be at risk of not having enough money to meet their needs in retirement, should current trends continue.

Research also revealed that nearly three in five (57%) female teachers expect to need more than £25,001 a year in their retirement – a gap of at least £13,420 a year, when held against the £11,581 2021-21 average that they will need to meet through sources other than the TPS.

Comment

Linda Wallace, Director of Wesleyan Financial Services, said:

“Factors like career breaks to meet caring responsibilities are contributing to shockingly disparate pension pots for men and women in the teaching profession.

“These figures not only highlight a gulf in the pension women and men have to access in retirement, but also the shortfall women face in their retirement income. Even if the maximum state pension of £9,339 a year is taken into account, many female teachers could be at risk of being without the money they expect they’ll need.

“The pension impact of career breaks won’t just affect female teachers alone – anyone taking family leave or time out of employment could be affected. With that in mind, it’s imperative that teachers are carefully and regularly reviewing their plans to ensure they aren’t caught out.

“Seeking the support of a professional, independent adviser will be invaluable. They’ll be able to help assess retirement ambitions, understand teachers’ plans and caregiving responsibilities and discuss the options available to help teachers anticipate, and mitigate, any potential funding gaps. This could include separately investing for retirement through an option such as a stocks and shares ISA, or considering how they could withdraw equity from a home they own.”

To discuss your finances with a Wesleyan Financial Services Consultant who specialises in the teaching profession, you can book an appointment here.

This research was first published on Independent Education Today. Learn more here.

 

Wesleyan’s findings are based on a survey of teachers in England conducted by TeacherTapp in September 2021.

5,831 teachers responded to questioning regarding expected retirement income, including 4226 female teachers, and 5,338 teachers (all female) responded to questioning regarding maternity leave and its effect on pension pots.

The figures based on TPS data are based on Wesleyan’s analysis of the Teachers’ Pension Scheme annual accounts for 2020-21.

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